FPAN CRC ~ Winter 2016-2017 Newsletter



FPAN CRC, Winter 2016 – 2017 Newsletter

Lots of good reading about all the interesting goings-on in the FPAN Central Region.

  •  2017 Florida Archaeology Month Poster

  •  History Bike Gainesville Recap

  •  2017 Archaeology Advocacy Day in Tallahassee

  •  Big Bend Science Symposium

  •  ”What’s In A Name?”

Follow the link below for a downloadable PDF!


Archaeological State Park visitors ask questions about the Crystal River site.


Developments for new interpretive signage for the Crystal River Archaeological State Park (CRASP) has been moving forward with help from FPAN, Florida Humanities Council, The Friends of Crystal River State Parks, Inc., and University of South Florida Department of Anthropology. On behalf of the Crystal River Archaeological State Park – Dr. Tom Pluckhahn, CRASP researcher and professor of archaeology at USF, was awarded a Florida Humanities Council “Mini Grant” for the project. With matching funding coming from The Friends of Crystal River State Parks, we are moving step-by-step on development for new and much needed interpretive panels at the park. Talented FPAN staff has been working on designing the new signage to help improve public understanding and appreciation of Native American history generally, and specifically for the Crystal River archaeological site. New signage will be placed at the entrance and throughout the park to aid visitors in understanding this unique prehistoric site.

In hopes of gaining park visitor input about what they would like to see in the new signage, FPAN staff rolled out brown newsprint inside the CRASP museum, set out some markers, and asked, “what questions to you have about the Crystal River archaeological site?” After about a week the newsprint tablecloth was covered with questions, comments, and children’s drawings. Over the weeks to come, we hope to address many of the questions and comments folks jotted down in the museum. “Why did they build houses on the mounds?” “Where did the people go?” and “When will new signage be installed?” These were just a couple of the questions folks asked during their visit to the park.

I encourage everyone to follow FPAN Central’s Facebook and Instagram  pages for the Q&A about the Crystal River Archaeological State Park. Please feel free to send any additional questions to our Facebook page. This is a great opportunity to open a dialogue about the archaeological park, and we hope to enhance the visitor’s experience with new, dynamic, and well-designed signage.




FPAN CRC Fall 2016 Newsletter

fall2016page_1FPAN Central – Fall Newsletter is up for you to peruse!

Get your good articles about all the happenings in the FPAN Central Region here! Hot fresh Central Region articles here!

Lots of good stuff in this newsletter publication. Including: Heritage Monitoring Scouts, Trouble from Hurricane Hermine, History Bike Gainesville V, and much much more! Check in out!

Follow the link below for a downloadable PDF of the Central Region Fall Newsletter -


FPAN Central – Summer 2016 Newsletter

FPAN Central Summer Newsletter is up for you to peruse! 


Get your good articles about all the happenings in the FPAN Central Region here! Hot fresh articles about FPAN’s Central Region, here! We have Crystal River Summer Camp here! History Bike Gainesville here! We have FAS Recap here, Florida Archaeology Month Poster Wins here! and much much more!

Follow the link below for a downloadable PDF of the Central Region Summer Newsletter -


USF field school tackles Sifting for Technology

digginThe Sifting for Technology program existed at the Crystal River Archaeological State Park for more than a decade, providing an introduction to students of all ages to the methods of archaeological excavation. Originally created from dredge spoil, dug from an adjacent boat slip, the pile of heavily mixed modern and prehistoric material was shaped to resemble midden Mound H. Much of the archaeological material found within the spoil pile might have originated from Mound A after it was partially bulldozed and spread to provide a foundation for a trailer park, or was displaced by other, modern land altering operations on the property. Its original context has been long destroyed.

Last year, after recommendations from FPAN archaeologists and Gulf Archaeological Research Institute (GARI), a local non-profit archaeological research center, we suspended the long-running program over multiple concerns including general confusion by park visitors about the education area. For the past year the mound has been untouched and continued to confuse park visitors.

This past week, Dr. Tom Pluckhahn, professor of archaeology at University of South Florida, brought a group of undergraduate and graduate students up to the Crystal River site to begin an archaeological field school to start fully excavating the spoil pile formerly known as the Sifting for Technology Educational Area. Dr. Pluckhahn began the Crystal River Early Village Archaeological Project (CREVAP) in 2011 as a three year National Science Foundation research grant. Though the Sifting for Technology project doesn’t fall under CREVAP – the information gleaned will certainly add to the wealth of knowledge about the site. screenin

Working with the Florida Park Service, FPAN helped acquire a 1A-32 Archaeological Research Permit for the field school and excavations from the Division of Historical Resources. FPAN’s participation in the field school is limited to assisting Dr. Pluckhahn and students and providing logistical help with tools, park access, and lots of cold water…it’s summertime in Florida as we know. Following completion of the field school, FPAN Central will begin a monthly, volunteer archaeology lab program to continue the excavations until we have worked through the spoil pile. Be sure to stay tuned to our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/FPANcentral/) for more information about how you can participate.

Estuary Exploration! Science Discovery Summer Camp!


Estuary Exploration! A Science Discovery Summer Camp


July 11 – 15, 2016 (8:30 am – 2:30 pm)

Ages 8 – 11

Registration is on a first-come, first-served basis: $80.00/camper. Limited space available.

*After-camp care is available from 2:30 pm to 4:00 pm for an additional fee ($20.00)

The Friends of Crystal River State Parks, Inc. in partnership with the Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN), Florida Park Service, Florida Coastal Office, Crystal River Boat Builders,  is offering exciting new archaeology and biology summer camps at Crystal River Preserve State Park designed for students who are interested in applying archaeology and biology to explore the Parks within Crystal River. All camp activities are conducted by professional archaeologists and biologists, including educators from FPAN, and allow kids to experience archaeology and biology first-hand through activities, experiments, and hikes! 

How to Register

Exploration Point – River’s Edge Summer Camp

Complete registration and liability release forms are provided on the next page. Return via U.S. Postal Service along with a check or money order made out to “Friends of Crystal River State Parks, Inc. for the appropriate amount. Once the completed paperwork and payment have been received, we will provide a confirmation email along with other important information. Please pay by cash or check. Credit cards can not be accepted.


Mailing Address

Crystal River Preserve State Park Office Attn: Summer Camp 3266 N. Sailboat Ave. Crystal River, FL 34428

Cancellation Policy

All cancellation requests must be received in writing or email and be postmarked no later than June 17th, 2016. No refunds will be made for cancellations received after that date. A $25.00 cancellation fee will be charged for all processed refunds.

For more information, or to register, please contact:

Questions or concerns? Email at Jamie.Letendre@dep.state.fl.us or call 352.228.6032

FPAN Central ~ Winter Newsletter 2016

Winter2016_Page_1The FPAN Central, Winter Newsletter is out! 

Lots of great articles for you to peruse! Wide ranging topics including an article by Jeff Moates, FPAN Regional Director, about the proposed “Citizen Archaeology” permit, House Bill 803 and Senate Bill 1054.

Other topics include

FPAN/FCO Partnership

History Bike Gainesville III Recap

Florida Archaeology Month

Please CLICK HERE to read the newsletter

FPAN Central Fall Newsletter!

Our fall newsletter is hot off the presses for folks to check out! Lots of good stuff in this edition!


     - Crystal River Archaeological State Park – Self-Guided Tour Flipbook
- Docent tours at Crystal River Archaeological State Park
- CRASP Museum has a new display
- History Bike Gainesville II
- Moon Over the Mounds
- Digging Up Dishes: Char-Grilled Gulf Oysters! Yum!

    Click Here For the FPAN Central Fall Newsletter!

FPAN Central ~ 2015 Summer Newsletter!

 FPAN Central Region, 2015 Summer Newsletter link is below. Lots of good stuff in this edition!

  July2015_Newsletter_final_Page_1 - Summer Camp Recap
- CRC – In Focus: Summer Happenings
- History Bike Gainesville! 
- Etna Turpentine Camp!
- New Volunteer Coordinator at CRPSP
- Recipes: Pan Seared Scallops

Follow the link below for the Newsletter!

Click Here for FPAN Central 2015 Summer Newsletter

Make your own concrete vernacular headstone!

This vernacular headstone project was originally supposed to take place during the Cemetery Resource Protection Training Conference (CRPTC) in DeLand this past June. Unfortunately, due to bad weather, making the stone during the conference was not possible, and I had to settle with a brief presentation of the process. The video above, along with the description below, illustrates a simple tutorial on how to pour your very own concrete grave marker!

The term vernacular is regularly used in connection with language and architecture; it refers to locally-spoken dialects and architecture that has developed from local traditions, with emphasis on specific cultural characteristics. However, the term can be used more broadly than that. Its use in connection to grave markers generally suggests the maker is an untrained craftsperson expressing local cultural traditions. Often these handmade markers are made using easily accessible and low cost materials such as concrete. Though vernacular headstones often seem crude and unsophisticated amongst stones made of finer materials such as granite and marble, they can be a window into local traditions and provide unseen information about specific cultural aspects such as socio-economic conditions within a community. Gordon Bond with the NCPTT (National Center for Preservation Technology and Training) discussed vernacular grave markers at the 2014 International Cemetery Preservation Summit in New York.

We’ve found that we can categorize a folk grave marker as having been created by hand by someone who normally does not make grave markers as a profession. The maker may have been skilled or unskilled in working with the materials used. The marker must have been intended as a permanent monument and be on the actual grave. This differentiates them from temporary markers or monuments placed where death occurred, such as with roadside memorials. The marker had to be created at a time and place where the option of a professionally-made commercial marker was readily available, therefore making it an intentional choice to make one by hand. (http://ncptt.nps.gov/blog/made-from-my-own-hand-an-introduction-to-concrete-grave-markers/)

1.Build a frame or mold for your concrete.

It isn’t necessary to purchase new wood for your mold. If you have scrap wood lying around, use that! Be sure your mold has a solid plywood backing, especially if you’re working on a concrete driveway. You do not want to pour your headstone directly on the ground or you might have to rearrange where you plan to be buried. Always use screws when assembling your frame so you can take it apart easily.

2.Pour the concrete.

Depending on your use of the stone, whether for Halloween props or your actual final resting place, materials will vary. For the stone I made in the video, I used one 80-pound bag of mortar cement. A smooth cement with no added aggregate is key to ensuring your lettering is clear, legible, and easily carved. Follow the instructions on the bag for quantity of water to add to the powdered concrete. For best results, keep your mix on the drier side, like chunky peanut butter. As you can see in the video, I added a steel mesh screen to the mix in the middle of the pour which will strengthen the finished stone and help prevent cracking. Tapping the side of the frame with a rubber mallet will fill gaps and help settle the concrete mix in the frame.

3.Finish your stone.

While the concrete is still wet, take your trusty trowel and smooth the surface of the stone. This will be made easier when using the mortar cement without aggregate. When it comes to lettering there are many different options, from stamping to hand carving. If you stamp your letters, either keep them wet or spray lightly with cooking spray so the concrete doesn’t stick. Hand carving is always a good option; however, you need to plan. Placing strings across the stone to keep what you’re carving straight can be helpful. I printed my letters on paper, then lightly incised through the paper onto the stone and carved out the letters. Once your lettering is done, wait until the stone has cured, usually with 36 hours. Remove the frame, clean up any burs or jagged edges with the edge of your trowel, and your stone is complete.